Tesla makes a lot of money selling emission credits to other auto makers.
Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images
Because Tesla (ticker: TSLA) makes more than its fair share of zero-emission vehicles, it can sell those credits to other auto makers. It’s a big moneymaker: Tesla has generated about $1.7 billion in credit revenue over the past four quarters. The electric-vehicle pioneer has reported $2.3 billion in operating income over the same span.
But the market appears to be shrugging off the Stellantis news. Tesla stock is down about 2% since news of the Stellantis (STLA) decision started to circulated a couple of days ago. The
however, is down about 2.3% over the same span as richly valued tech stocks struggle. The
is down about 0.6% over the same span.
Why the muted reaction? The Stellantis decision isn’t going to break Tesla.
For starters, the change in Stellantis only appears to affect European credit purchases. Other geographies still have similar emission credit policies designed to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emitted from passenger cars.
Stellantis CFO Richard Palmer said recently his company spent roughly $350 million on all credits from Tesla in 2020. (Tesla reported credit emissions sales of $1.6 billion last year.)
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Stellantis will sell more of its own zero-emission vehicles, something that all auto makers intend to do. “Stellantis expects to be compliant on its own in achieving CO2 targets in Europe for 2021,” added a company spokesman. Tesla didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment about its credit sales, tightening regulations on credit values, or the impact of more EV competition on credit sales.
Nonetheless, emission credits aren’t going anywhere—emissions regulations in the EU will continue to tighten between now and 2030.
Eventually, auto makers bold plans for EVs should allow them to meet zero-emission vehicle quotas. Stellantis, for its part, is targeting 70% of European sales by 2030 to come from all-battery electric or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The target for the U.S. is 35% of sales by the end of the decade.
Overall, EU regulators are targeting emissions reductions of 5% to 10% a year for the next decade, but real-world emissions are projected to remain above those goals. That means someone will be buying credits to meet regulatory obligations, keeping Tesla’s credit business going.
One day, credit sales will fall at Tesla, perhaps by 2023. When that happens though, Tesla will be selling against other EVs with comparable battery costs and ranges. The decision, for drivers, won’t be about gas or electric powertrains.
The entire credit sale issue is a murky one for investors and a controversial item on Wall Street. Bullish analysts don’t bring credit sales up all that often, while bearish analysts point out that credit sales account for a large portion of reported income.
Barron’s wrote recently that taking out credit sales to adjust reported income doesn’t make sense. Pricing for all EVs, Tesla included, is affected by myriad government incentives that vary in form across the globe. Emission credits are just one such EV incentive.
While there are other potential reasons to be bearish on Tesla stock, falling credit sales shouldn’t be one of them.
Write to Al Root at [email protected]
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